Court Rules Against "Garden Parkway"

A Federal Court dealt what is likely the final killer blow to the controversial Garden Parkway, a proposed toll highway project near Charlotte.

Court Rules Against "Garden Parkway"

Kym Hunter - lead SELC Attorney

RALEIGH, N.C – In a ruling late Friday afternoon, March 13, 2015, Judge James Dever ruled that the North Carolina Department of Transportation (“NCDOT”) and the Federal Highway Administration (“FHWA”) violated federal law in their environmental review of the 21-mile toll highway. The ruling comes after the legislature has stripped the nearly $1 billion road of its earmarked funding. Construction of the project is now extremely unlikely.

The issue was initially brought to the public's attention by a grassroots group of citizens in Gaston County who organized opposition to the project and created a website about the project ( The case before the court was brought by two conservation groups, Clean Air Carolina and the Catawba Riverkeeper Foundation represented by the Southern Environmental Law Center. When the groups first brought the case in 2012, NCDOT was poised to begin construction of the $900 million toll highway project. The groups alerted permitting agencies that NCDOT’s analysis of the highway was fundamentally flawed as it relied on inaccurate and misleading growth estimates and asked that construction not commence until the issues were resolved.

While the legal case has been pending, the Southern Environmental Law Center has worked with state legislators to ensure that the toll highway project was not given preferential funding over higher priority projects. Legislation passed in 2013 stripped the road of its earmarked funding and required it to be vetted through a new scoring process. Not surprisingly, the project received an abysmal score. Disregarding this, NCDOT and FHWA continued to vigorously defend the toll highway in court.

“Judge Dever’s ruling marks the end of a long fought struggle opposing this destructive project, which would have crossed Lake Wylie twice. The combined impact of the highway and the related sprawl would have had a significant negative impact on Lake Wylie and the water that we use for swimming, fishing and drinking,” said Rick Gaskins, Executive Director of the Catawba Riverkeeper Foundation. “This is a tremendous victory for the citizens of the region. We hope NCDOT will now focus on spending our taxpayer dollars on more responsible transportation solutions.” 

The toll road has long been deeply unpopular with a majority of Gaston County residents, who have been vociferous in their opposition since the project’s inception (see The toll highway would destroy numerous homes and communities, fragment wildlife habitat, pollute the Catawba River basin, and intensify the area’s air pollution.

Garden Parkway Preferred Alternative 9

Despite its enormous $900 million price tag, the NCDOT has failed to demonstrate that the Garden Parkway will benefit anyone other than the current and former elected officials who purchased property along the highway’s proposed path. The environmental documents show that construction of the road will do nothing to improve congestion on existing roadways, such as I-85, and far from increasing economic development, will actually shift job growth out of state to South Carolina. 

“The Charlotte region’s air quality is finally improving to the point where we are close to meeting truly health-based standards,” said June Blotnick, Executive Director of Clean Air Carolina. “The Garden Parkway and other major highways planned for our region will jeopardize our federal air quality attainment status and threaten the health of our residents.”

The Court’s ruling could have implications far beyond the Garden Parkway.  In overturning NCDOT’s analysis, the court noted that the agency “made an unsupported assumption that growth in the [Charlotte] region would remain constant regardless of whether the Garden Parkway was built.” 

Kym Hunter, an attorney with the Southern Environmental Law Center, explains that “this trick — which both overstates the need for the road and understates its destructive impact — has become standard practice for NCDOT.”

“Indeed,” notes Hunter, “the same exact practice was used in the environmental review of the equally controversial Monroe Bypass.” A lawsuit challenging that analysis is currently pending before the same judge and is expected to be heard later this year.

A copy of the court opinion can be viewed here.

Archived information about the case can be viewed here.




North Carolina Turnpike Authority: Garden Parkway

May 2009 Preliminary Design Options

Gaston Metropolitan Planning Organization


4/4/09 - Hoyle not optimistic about Garden Parkway

5/1/09 - Gaston Gazette - State decides on Garden Parkway Route

5/20/09 - Belmont Banner - Parkway opposition organizing

5/21/09 - Lake Wylie Pilot - Group bands to fight toll road

6/2/09 - Charlotte Observer - Public might not warm to toll roads

6/23/09 - Gaston Gazette - Lots of opinions prune the Garden Parkway

7/1/09 - Belmont BannerNews - Study: Parkway won't help I-85 traffic

7/7/09 - Gaston Gazette - Letter to the Editor - The high cost of progress

7/13/09 - Charlotte Observer - Belmont protesters to rally against toll road

7/13/09 - Gaston Gazette - 'Garden Parkway' could actually increase traffic on I-85

7/13/09 - Gaston Gazette - 'Garden Parkway' opponents rally against toll road (interactive map)

7/28/09 - Gaston Gazette - EPA cites numerous problems with Garden Parkway (map)

8/17/09 - Gaston Gazette - Elected leaders could determine fate of proposed Garden Parkway

10/16/09 - Gaston Gazette - Gastonia to Charlotte light rail could cost $300 million

10/18/09 - Gaston Gazette - Determining Garden Parkway's solvency

11/16/09 - Lake Wylie Pilot - Toll road announcement coming soon

12/14/09 - Gaston Gazette - Gastonia City council expresses doubt over 'Garden Parkway,' offers alternative

12/16/09 - Gaston Gazette - Gastonia leaders hold back on formally supporting Garden Parkway alternative

2/25/10 - Lake Wylie Pilot - Toll road plan 'committed' to 2014 opening

2/26/10 - News14 - Some property owners against toll road despite changes

2/26/10 - WBTV - Green light for Garden Parkway?

In the News

5/14/09 - NPR Article

5/14/09 - NPR Audio Interview

7/2/09 - Neil Moore and Bill Toole had an hour on WBT 1110 AM to explain to Pete Kalliner why the toll road is bad news for North Carolina taxpayers.

7/13/09 - Fox News - Rally Against "Toll Road to Nowhere"

7/13/09 - WCNC (News 36) - Proposed toll road attracts questions

7/14/09 - News 14 Carolina - Debate on proposed Belmont toll road continues for I-485

7/14/09 - News 3 WBTV - Belmont residents protest proposed toll road

2/25/10 - WSOC - Funding Finally Available for Controversial Parkway


The Southern Environmental Law Center is a regional nonprofit using the power of the law to protect the health and environment of the Southeast (Virginia, Tennessee, North and South Carolina, Georgia, and Alabama). Founded in 1986, SELC’s team of almost 60 legal and policy experts represent more than 100 partner groups on issues of climate change and energy, air and water quality, forests, the coast and wetlands, transportation, and land use.

The Catawba Riverkeeper Foundation advocates for the health, protection and enjoyment of the Catawba-Wateree River watershed. The Catawba Riverkeeper Foundation provides education, processes and programs to protect drinking water and the many resources of the entire Catawba-Wateree River watershed. Catawba Riverkeeper’s experienced network includes a diverse community of members, engaged volunteers and professional staff whose dedication of time, talent and resources protect and enhance our river today and for future generations. The vision of Catawba Riverkeeper is for the waters of the entire Catawba-Wateree River basin to always be of high quality and abundant quantity to sustain and enhance the lives of all the humans, the wildlife and the ecosystems that depend on it.

Clean Air Carolina is a non-profit organization based in Charlotte, NC. Its mission is to ensure cleaner air quality by educating the community about how air quality affects our health, advocating for stronger clean air policies, and partnering with other organizations committed to cleaner air and sustainable practices.

Document Actions
Help Catawba Riverkeeper

Your River needs you as much as you need the River

Support Our River

Help in other ways

Jan 25, 2017 NC Riverkeeper Report
From the perspectives of 12 NC Riverkeepers, this report discusses how multiple environmental issues pose challenges in the pursuit of clean, plentiful water. Whether you are in North Carolina or downstream in South Carolina, read this report about the state of environmental enforcement.
Dec 13, 2016 Community Foundation of Gaston County grants $5,000 to CRF for Riverkeeper Program
The Community Foundation will fund Catawba Riverkeeper's work in Gaston County.
Dec 12, 2016 A Successful Launch of our Water Education Program at Great Falls Elementary
Catawba Riverkeeper Foundation in partnership with 4-H Clemson Cooperative Extension successfully completed our pilot Education Outreach Program with 3rd, 4th, and 5th grade students from Great Falls Elementary.
Sep 27, 2016 Lake Wateree Fall Cleanup a Sweeping Success
86 volunteers collected 5,490 pounds of trash from Lake Wateree
Jun 13, 2016 Dozens of Youth Reached in Water Education Outreach Program Pilot Lessons
More news…
Report Pollution in the Catawba River

Help protect your River! 

Tell your Riverkeeper if you see:

  • Sewage Overflows
  • Failure to control sediment from construction sites
  • Illegal clearing of buffer areas
  • Fish kills 
  • Unpermitted discharges
  • Other issues that concern you

Click here to fill out a pollution report or to report water pollution to Catawba Riverkeeper by phone, call 1-888-679-9494 or 704-679-9494.  In addition, to informing your Riverkeeper, you should also report spills or contamination to federal, state and local environmental officials.

To report South Carolina water pollution call 1-888-481-0125.

To report North Carolina spills or fish kills, call your local regional Department of Environment & Natural Resources office during normal business hours (704-663-1699 for most Catawba basin areas or (828) 296-4500 for Burke, Caldwell, McDowell and other mountain counties) or 800-858-0368 after hours.  (For more information on NC spill reporting, click here)


The Catawba Riverkeeper Foundation is a proud member of EarthShare North Carolina, the North Carolina Conservation Network, River Network and the Waterkeeper Alliance.  It also in in an alliance with Clean Air Carolina to address issues, such as sprawl, that cause air and water problems.

Clean Air / Clean Water Alliance Logo

NC Conservation Network Logo


EarthShare of North Carolina Logo


4-H Clover leaf logo


River Network Logo


SC 4H Science on the Move logo



Fish Advisories

fish consumption chart crop

Fish consumption advisories have been issued throughout the Catawba-Wateree River basin.  Many of these advisories are the result of testing initiated by Catawba Riverkeeper and confirmed by state and local officials.  For a chart identifying fish types with the applicable advisories for the Charlotte area, click here.   For more information about the fish advisories, click here.

715 N. Church St., Suite 120 . Charlotte, NC 28202 . Phone: 704.679.9494 . Fax: 704.679.9559